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Pengaruh Pemberian Makanan Pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) Tradisional terhadap Kejadian ISPA, Diare dan Status Gizi Bayi pada 4 (Empat) Bulan Pertama Kehidupannya (Studi di Demak, 2000)

By:  Suyatno, Ir. MKes

Keywords: infant health; nutritional status; makanan pendamping ASI; kejadian ISPA; diare; status gizi bayi; Abstrak Penelitian Kesehatan
Subject: WEANING FOOD

Introduction of early supplementation feeding is the preferred practices in the rural community, especially traditional infant feeding practices. The practices can affect the infant health seriously, because their gastrointestinal tract has not ready to receive it and also the risk of bacterial contamination, finally it can affect on the infant morbidity and nutritional status.

The study was conducted (1) to identify the factors which influence early traditional infant feeding practices, (2) to examine the effect of traditional infant feeding practices on Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) and diarrhea of infant in their first 4 month and (3) to examine the effect of traditional infant feeding practices on nutritional status infant in their first 4 months.

The study was cohort design. The exposure group was infant who were exposed by traditional infant feeding and outcome was diarrhoeal and ARI diseases, and nutritional status (z-score W/A). Observation was be done to 157 infant during their first 4 months of life. Body weight data were collected every month, data of morbidity and infant feeding practices were collected every two weeks.

The result of the study showed that in the first 1 month of infant life there were 19,7 % infant who were given traditional infant feeding, in the first 2 moths 25,5 %, in the first 3 months 32,5 %, and in the first 4 months 38,2 %. Introduction of early traditional infant feeding in the low family income was greater 2,38 time than the average or high family income (CI : 1,12-5,12), and women who had sources of health information from non-health agents introducing of traditional infant feeding greather 4,12 time than women who had sources of health information from health agents (CI : 1,19-8,95) in the first 4 months of infant life.

Overall, early traditional infant feeding practices affected significantly on episode of diarrhea, but did not affect significantly on duration of diarrhea, or on duration and episode of ARI. With a stratification on age, early traditional infant feeding practices affected significantly on episode and duration of ARI in the first 1 month. Traditional infant feeding practices did not affect significantly on the nutritional status of infant, but episode of diarrhea affected significantly.

The conclusions of this study is low family income and mother who had sources of health information from non-health agents was associated with early traditional infant feeding practices. Introduction of traditional infant feeding did not affect on nutritional status of infant directly in their first 4 months of life. But introduction of traditional infant feeding in the first 4 months of infant life could be increasing episode of diarrhea. Increasing episode of diarrhea had a negatively affected on nutritional status of infant in their first 4 months of life.

PARTISIPASI KERJA WANITA PADA SEKTOR PEKERJAAN FORMAL, IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP EKONOMI KELUARGA DAN PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU

PARTISIPASI KERJA WANITA PADA SEKTOR PEKERJAAN FORMAL, IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP EKONOMI KELUARGA DAN PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU PADA ANAK-ANAK. STUDI DI KODIA SEMARANG, JAWA TENGAH

(Occupational  Participation of Working Women in the Formal  Sector, and The Implication to Family’s Income and  Breast  Feeding Practices.  Study in Semarang City, Central Java)

Oleh: Suyatno

ABSTRAK

Along with increasing quality of human resources, increasing working women participation occur in every kind of occupational, both  formal  sector and informal sector.  This  phenomena  had  a positive impact, as family’s income increasing, but the other way can  give a negative effect, as decreasing breast feeding  prac­tices to their child.      The objective of the research were to find out (1) how  much income contribution of working women to total family’s income; and (2) to describe working women breast feeding practices in the different  kind  of formal occupational; and (3) to  explain  the factors in influencing their contribution of family’s income and breast feeding practices.  The study was conducted in Semarang City, Central Java.  The samples were 150 working women in the formal occupational who had children under five years old, that were selected randomly.The  research found that average income contribution of  the working women to total family income was 43,85 % (sd=9,67, range 11,19 % until 68,57 %).  Working women in the banking sector  had the  most income, but working women in the company especially  as marketing division had the most contribution to family’s income than  others.  Working women with lecture occupational  had  the least contribution to family’s income.  Total Family’s  income had a significant negatif correlation to working  women  income contribution.  So, the study showed that working women had  dura­tion  of exclusive breast feeding during 1.75 months (average  53 days), and to stop breast feeding practices (lactation) during 15.7 months.  Women with lacture occupational had longer duration of exclusive breast feeding dan lactation than others.    Factors of knowledge, attitude, motivation, and condition of the  working place  had  a significant positive correlation  to  duration  of exclusive breast feeding practices.  Motivation factor and  dura­tion  of exclusive  breast feeding practices had a significant positive  correlation  to  long time  of  breast feeding  stopped p<0,05).

Baca Makalah lengkap: PARTISIPASI KERJA WANITA, KONTRIBUSI EKONOMI DAN PEMBERIAN ASI

PEMBERIAN ASI SECARA EKSKLUSIF DAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI

PEMBERIAN ASI SECARA EKSKLUSIF DAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI USIA 0 -  3 BULAN.    STUDI KASUS PADA BAYI YANG DILAHIRKAN DI 4 RUMAH SAKIT BERSALIN DI KOTA SEMARANG

Oleh : Suyatno

ABSTRACT

The general objective of the study is to find out the benefits of exclusive breast feeding practice to infants’ growth. Its specif­ic  objective  is to explain the relationship  between exclusive breast feeding practice and gaining infants’ growth (0-3 month). The sample is 60 babies born in four maternity hospitals in  Semarang City, Central Java.

The  result of this research shows that (1) average of  exclusive breast feeding  practice to the babies who  born  in  maternity hospital is 36,01 days.(2) there is a significant negative corre­lation between long time of exclusive breast feeding practice and gaining  weight and length body status (p>0,05); (3) there is not a significant negative correlation between long time of exclusive breast feeding practice and gaining nutritional status

Baca makalah lengkap : PEMBERIAN ASI SECARA EKSKLUSIF DAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI

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